Basic techniques of cutting and sewing - the mother's choice.

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    The choice of material.

    If you can not create a product conceived for the interior, then the cause is probably the wrong choice of fabric or an inability to handle it.

    Basic techniques of cutting and sewing - the mother's choice

    When available in stores rich assortment of fabrics do not understand the words "fabric for needlework," as surely something cheap or second-rate. Sellers in the fabric store, usually held good training school and will be happy to share the acquired knowledge of the intended use of the proposed matter.

    Preparation of tissue.

    So, you bought a suitable fabric, and you are itching to hand - like immediately proceed with the case. Moderate dust, do not hurry, do not be afraid to spend a little time to prepare the tissue to a workflow: it will save you from making mistakes and disappointments.

    The first thing to do with the fabric before you start making products for the interior - smooth fabric. If it was nakruchena a rod or roller or coiled into a roll, then surely a few deformed, that certainly happens.

    But if you've already started working with it, it will be too late. Such troubles as mismatched picture covers on pillows, not wanting to carry a square shape, crooked tails on the curtains - all consequences of deformation fabrics.

    To check in a normal state fabric or deformed, first flatten the ends, notched, and tearing the fabric or pulling the thread (see below), then fold it in half along the edge to the edge and see exactly whether converge equity and longitudinal threads.

    Sometimes it's hard to say that matter is not straight, because in the store instead of lines used for cutting rod, making the edges appear straight. In any case, do not be lazy and check - this will save you from many troubles later. Always choose a fabric that is suitable for handicrafts.

    Straighten the edges.

    If your fabric with a fairly pronounced weaving or woven pattern (eg, cell), it is easy to cut along the longitudinal or common thread to make sure it is straight. But in most cases to get a straight line, we have to break the matter, or cut the thread.

    Tearing - The fastest way to straightening cut tissue, but this method is fit only for simple types of textiles - percale, and poplin. First, check on my canvas, and make sure no harm if he did not break and tear if the fabric together and share threads. The safest way to straightening fabric - stretch yarn. It's not as fast, but reliable.

    1. Look carefully at the weave of threads in the fabric and will cut edge near the first undeformed longitudinal threads. Pull one of the longitudinal fibers, the fabric is gathered.

    2. Pripustit this place along the thread as possible and carefully cut with scissors a piece of cloth on the line. Continue this process until such time until able to cut the cloth to the end along this line.

    Straighten wires.

    Now, when the tissue section stood up, you can check if it is not deformed. There are two ways to verify this. Can be decomposed into a piece on a square table, or fold it in half lengthwise edge to edge. If the corners do not match, matter, before you start cutting and sewing, you need to straighten it.

    If the deformation is small, it is possible to repair a steam iron or splashing water and patting a simple iron. With a strong deformation of the recovery process more difficult. When a piece of cloth large enough, it is also physically tough.

    You may have to call on help from friends to pull the fabric from the other end - this method is very efficient, and the fabric can stretch up to the last crease, so do not try to wriggle out of this work.

    To restore the correct form of tissue, grasp both sides of the corner and pull it. So iterate and stretch cloth, moving from the corner until you reach the other corners. All of this will be much easier if then it is two and do the same thing, moving at the same time from opposite corners.

    Fold a piece of cloth in half lengthwise face inward. Cleave the folded cloth on the edges and put it on the ironing board Vkolite pin in the ironing board along the edge every 13 cm

    Proutyuzhte matter of steam irons from the edge to the fold as long as the equity and the longitudinal threads are not straight, but do not press out fold lines. Allow to dry matter and only then pull the pin. If a large piece of cloth, lay it on a table covered with a blanket and sheet.

    Terminology sewing.

    Dealing with a cloth, it is necessary to know the common technical terms. Many of the fabrics, if they are cut in the transverse rather than longitudinal filaments are behaving themselves, and the image can end up in the wrong direction.

    Many of the tissue is cut, folded them face inward, and fold or at equity, or by a transverse filament. Mothers with pile texture face of the special, and they can be folded only along.

    Bias binding.

    Oblique Bake call any diagonal line intersecting the transverse and grain lines. Bias binding of the cut on the bias strips needed for the shell or halo bent edges.

    Fabric, cut on the bias, stretches better than a cropped on shared or cross-threads, but best of all, this stretch Bias binding, ie, band, cut exactly along the diagonal, when one edge of the matter, laid down on the scythe, lies parallel to the transverse filaments.


    Woven fabrics are sold, as a rule, pieces, rolls or wound on the rod or shaft. Narrow matter usually have a flat rim on both edges, and its wide tissue folded twice along the rim to rim. This line indicates the fold, where the center of a large ornamental motif or pattern.


    Woven fabric is produced on a lathe interweaving longitudinal (base) and transverse (weft) threads. Cross-thread, or duck, pass over and under a strong longitudinal filaments, or foundation.

    How interwoven threads, called a texture. Warp, going along parallel to the fringe - is a longitudinal structure, or equity thread. A weft thread, perpendicular to the hem - a transverse texture, or transverse


    Edge - a narrow strip of flat factory on both sides along the length of textile fabric. Here the thread is particularly strong and tightly interwoven, forming a reliable, straightforward, well-sealed seam allowance for the joints (for example, to insert a zipper pouch on the pillow or in a transparent curtains.


  • Bed linen
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  • Windows and their place in the interior
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  • The role of curtains

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