Basic techniques of cutting and sewing - Sewing Machine.

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    Sewing machine.

    In order to sew items for the interior, needs a strong stable sewing machine with a flat bed, but ordinary household machines also suitable.

    Basic techniques of cutting and sewing - Sewing Machine

    - Flywheel. The wheel drive car. In manual typewriters wheel to lower the needle.
    - Device for winding thread. This device allows you to quickly and smoothly wind the thread on the bobbin.
    - Foot or knee operation. With this remote start, stop machine and adjust the speed.
    - Clamping device for the needle. Clamping device allows you to enter into the hole machine rod tip and fix it.
    - Needle plate. Needle plate protects the teeth of the motor tissue (transporter) and has a special hole for the needle.
    - Presser foot. This device pulls the fabric to the needle plate, thus formed a line.
    - Control the length of the lines. Use this adjuster to increase or decrease the size of the stitch and zigzag stitch density.
    - Control the width of the lines. This control lateral movement of the needle being established. It's important to debug the presser foot, the needle is not broken by lateral movements.
    - Tensioner. This device regulates the movement of the shuttle thread through a needle.
    - Regulator upper thread tension. Drive controller changes the thread tension of the upper coil.
    - Rezachok. Rezachok mounted on the rear wall and is used for cutting threads.
    - Holder of the coil. This device is worn on the coil (bobbin) for winding thread on the bobbin, and while sewing.

    Sewing needle:

    Sells a wide range of universal needle for sewing machines of various sizes - from 70 mm in length for thin fabrics up to 110 mm thick. For the average density of matter is best suited needle 80 mm.

    At hand should always be a set of different needles, to be replaced depending on the density of tissue. Needle for fine fabrics can break if it flashed a thick cloth, and needle for dense matter would spoil the fine.

    Needle for embroidery.

    These needles are large in size ears - in order to be able to pass through different thicknesses embroidery threads (floss). For each type of thread should have a separate needle, as each of them is doing to Eye Round Needle specific groove, which can cause damage to another type of skin.

    Needle embroidery stitch and needle riding with elongated tip (jeans).

    At a special needle for embroidery stitch riding a very large eye, calculated on a thick thread, although this sewing machine can perform the same thread from which the dressed matter. Needle with an elongated tip is made for embroidery on thick fabric and why it is called denim.

    Clamping device for securing the needle.

    All needles for sewing machines is fixed one way. To do this, they have the upper thickened part (rod), one face is flat and the other along the entire length runs a special groove.

    When the needle is inserted into the clamp device, the groove should coincide with the guiding thread. When the machine starts to sew, the thread goes on the groove and on a single hole in the metal plate. Therefore, changing strings, and change the needle.

    Set the pressure feet.

    On all sewing machines have a set of interchangeable feet for different types of sewing.

    Universal presser foot.

    Main versatile metal foot is used for all major actions with ordinary matter as to direct and to the zigzag lines.

    Hot foot.

    Like the universal, the presser foot allows you to see what and how you stitch. It can be cast from metal or plastic. It is best suited for such a foot stitched and sewing applications.

    Foot for sewing on zippers.

    This foot allows you to make a line very close to the teeth of the zipper and cord edging. In some typewriters have legs, you can use to make a line directly from both sides. For sewing invisible zippers need a special foot.

    Foot throwing loops.

    On this leg there is a special metal bracket that separates the line of silk thread on two sides, causing the needle goes back and forth, going around the hinge gap.

    Tension lines.

    On a new sewing machine to fine-tune the tension of line, putting the disk controller of tension in the middle position. Prostrochite shred and achieve the required stitches. To properly adjust the tension, move the slider curly lines and zigzag in a neutral position, and control the length of the lines between 2 and 3 for normal lines.

    Lay folded in half flap matter on the needle plate, lower the presser foot and needle and make a series of straight stitches. The stitches should look the same and the front and on the reverse sides of the matter.

    Change in tension.

    To enhance the tension of the strings, turn the knob to a lower figure in order to weaken - the big. This will automatically affect the tension of a thread that runs from the shuttle. If the top thread tension on a disk controller away from the middle of what is wrong with the shuttle spring.

    In an extreme case, loosen the tension of the thread, then you can scroll through the shuttle so that it can not escape from it. Pull the strings, and the shuttle will yield. Screwdriver to tuck a little screw on the shuttle to ease the tension of the thread. Recheck the line on my canvas and change the upper tension a bit, until you get the normal lines.

    Operation and failure.

    Like a car, a sewing machine obedient and reliable when it is regularly used and well cared for it. Machine to be cleaned every time you change your mother, especially a light after dark. Remove the needle.

    Armed with a stiff brush, clean the dust from the thread the whole way that the thread passes through the machine. Unscrew the needle plate and clean the teeth with a brush motor tissue (transporter). Pull the bobbin, to make sure that the mechanism and the shuttle is no scraps of yarn.

    Perfect seams guarantee you that you have sewn a piece of furniture textiles will live long and pleasing to the eye. Products made of fabric look professional because the seams are made perfectly straight stitches without any wrinkles.

    From time to time, lubricate the mechanism according to the instructions on the passport of your machine. Pour no more than two drops of oil in the right place. Leave the car on the night podsunuv under the presser foot flap folded in half, then do not forget to wipe the needle work.

    There is also a self-lubricating machine. However, even if you gently care for your machine, no one is safe from problems in it. Below we present the most common ones.

    Machine is too slow.

    In the machine have a switch on two speeds, and he put on a slow speed, but most likely machine has not been used, and the engine oil was frozen in the working sites. Scroll through the machine a few seconds without thread that warmed up the connection. Look, is intact foot control. If all else fails, ask the master to weaken the tension of the tape.

    The stitch comes out.

    Make sure that the bobbin with thread and inserted correctly. Check that the needle was placed correctly and train emerged from the groove.

    The needle does not move.

    First of all, make sure that the flywheel was smart, and a device for winding yarn on bobbin turned off. If the needle does not move and after that, make sure the thread is not trapped at the exit of the shuttle. Pull the hook and pull the end of the thread. If this fails, turn the flywheel back and forth, the thread is released.

    Machine jammed.

    Shake, but without much power, the flywheel to loosen strings and free matter. Remove the needle, unscrew and remove the needle plate and brush clean the engine of matter (transporter) from the filament of dust. Check that thread and tucked at the proper place is under the presser foot fabric.

    Needle bends or breaks.

    Needle breaks when it hits the foot, canoe or needle plate. Make sure you chose the right foot. A common mistake: when put the foot for sewing zippers, forget to move the needle to the left or right to direct or zigzag lines.

    Make sure that the bobbin placed in the shuttle properly. Make sure that the tension dial on the top position. Bent needle will break, if the needle touches the plate.

    To needles are not bent, sew slowly in places where the hammer pin or seam is too thick. Needle can bend and if on a string formed node or fabric passes under the foot quicker than sewing machine. Immediately replace bend the needle.

    Matter under the foot is not moving.

    This may occur when teeth Engine matter (transporter) are omitted in the position of darning or embroidery. Small zigzag stitch embroidery can be pulled together into the folds of a universal foot. Immediately change the foot and put the one that allows them to pass the lines on the conveyor. Make sure also that thread made correctly.

    The lines are not uniform.

    Check to see whether the dull needle, whether it is appropriate for a given tissue and correctly inserted. (All this should be checked on my canvas before sewing.) Try prostrochit seam by placing a needle into the right or left position. If the fabric is thin, put it under the foot tissue paper.

    Breaks the top thread.

    Manufacturers of sewing machines are advised to change the needle with each change of thread. This is due to the fact that each type of thread when the work leaves a specific mark in the eye of a needle. Make a tab for each needle, marked with a thread which a needle is used. This is especially important when you embroider on a typewriter.

    Do not forget, in addition to needle and thread came to the matter. Finally, the cause of the break strings can be a node or nepropryadka the top thread, and it is too much tension. Well-organized sewing machine - a key tool for the manufacture of interior textiles.

    Break yarn on the bobbin.

    Make sure the spool is inserted into the shuttle properly, that thread on it too much and that no nodes on a string. Also check the shuttle and the interior of the machine for filament of dust.

    Maybe spring is too tight and the shuttle train is bad - then you need to just loosen the screw (you look at the attached to the machine instructions.


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