Basic techniques of cutting and sewing - Machine stitches.

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    Machine stitches.

    In different samples of upholstered furniture use different types of stitches, depending on whether the subject be made very strong, whether it is designed for frequent washing or has a purely decorative purpose.

    Basic techniques of cutting and sewing - Machine stitches



    Flat seam.

    This is the most common of the sutures used in the majority of products for the interior. Allowance for the seam can be varied, but averaged 1.5 cm is sufficient even if the allowance will be pre-trimmed, it should make the line as far as possible from the edge for greater strength.

    Basic techniques of cutting and sewing - Flat seam



    1. Cleave the two banners I carefully cut to fit them.

    Basic techniques of cutting and sewing - Flat seam



    2. On the live thread sweeps the seam at a distance of 1.5 cm from the edge. If the fabric is dense enough, you can prostrochit seam on the machine directly on the pins without pre-nous.

    Basic techniques of cutting and sewing - Flat seam



    3. Prostrochite basting stitch along the line. Razutyuzhte SEAM. Prostrochite zigzag stitch or zaposhivalnym cuts to prevent sprawl matter.

    Basic techniques to crochet - Double (or French) suture



    Double (or French) seam.

    French seam is more suitable for lightweight fabrics. It is used for sealing seams on the sheets, the fabric does not unravel. The thinner the fabric, the already finishing the seam.

    Basic techniques to crochet - Double (or French) suture



    1. Fold the details wrong side of each other, how they and prostrochite seam at a distance of 7 mm from the edge. Trim seam allowance to 3 mm.

    Basic techniques to crochet - Double (or French) suture



    2. Seam allowances razutyuzhte - this will easily and smoothly put it on a different stage of sewing.

    Basic techniques to crochet - Double (or French) suture



    3. Fold detail at seams and proutyuzhte them. Cleave and prostrochite seam at a distance of 5 mm from the edge. Zautyuzhte on one side.

    Basic techniques of cutting and sewing - Rasstrochnoy seam



    Rasstrochnoy seam.

    This is the most suitable type of weld cross-linking of pieces requiring precise fit, as stitch it on a typewriter on the front side. Precisely adjust the repeats when cutting out pictures that the seam was as unobtrusively as possible.

    Basic techniques of cutting and sewing - Rasstrochnoy seam



    1. Fold the fabric to the width of 1 cm in the warp and share proutyuzhte Acc.

    Basic techniques of cutting and sewing - Rasstrochnoy seam



    2. Place the fabric zautyuzhennym bending to the other panel. Cleave to the fold, carefully driven drawing.

    Basic techniques of cutting and sewing - Rasstrochnoy seam



    3. Sour cream, if the fabric is loose, and if not, prostrochite seam straight pins as close as possible to the fold for greater strength prostrochite one seam at a distance of 5 mm from the first.

    Basic techniques of cutting and sewing - Nastrochnoy or denim (Flat zaposhivalny), suture



    Nastrochnoy or denim (Flat zaposhivalny) seam.

    This traditional seam all know about the jeans. He is extremely strong, can withstand multiple washing and not fall apart on the long socks, since all its edges are sealed. Denim stitch is especially suitable for medium-density tissue.

    Basic techniques of cutting and sewing - Nastrochnoy or denim (Flat zaposhivalny), suture



    1. Apply a cloth face inward and prostrochite them at a distance of 1.5 cm from the edge. (For a conventional double seam, reverse fold the cloth wrong side inside).

    Basic techniques of cutting and sewing - Nastrochnoy or denim (Flat zaposhivalny), suture



    2. Cut a seam allowance to 3 mm wide Zautyuzhte seam allowance on the cut.

    Basic techniques of cutting and sewing - Nastrochnoy or denim (Flat zaposhivalny), suture



    3. Fold a larger allowance, however, and it proutyuzhte. Prostrochite in the region.

    Basic techniques of cutting and sewing - Pre-fitted seams



    Sealed seams.

    Sealed seams (eg, inside a pillow case or cover) can be overcast, but that when screwing out the cover on the front of the line was accurate as possible, they must be precisely cut.

    Thick seams to be well close up, carefully applying layer upon layer. Slanting seams and corners cut, and allowances in the field rounding nadsekayut.

    Basic techniques of cutting and sewing - Pre-fitted seams



    1. Prostrochite the flag at the place of fillets, using as a guide line on the needle plate. When he reached the corner, leave the needle in the matter and turn the cloth to keep the seam on.

    Basic techniques of cutting and sewing - Pre-fitted seams



    2. Nadsekite stock at an interior point of rounding to be prostrochit there one or two strands of line. Trim the seam allowances at a distance of 5 mm from the weld line.

    Basic techniques of cutting and sewing - Pre-fitted seams



    3. Cut off all the speakers outside corners. If the fabric is moderately or very tight, trim and seam allowances on both sides.

    Basic techniques of cutting and sewing - Pre-fitted seams



    4. Nadsekite and cut corners on the outer space allowance rounding. The steeper the rounding, the more cuts, the less steep - every 1,5-2,5 cm

    Basic techniques of cutting and sewing - Pre-fitted seams



    5. If the seam is composed of several layers of fabric, trim all the allowances, to the extent possible to reduce the thickness nastrochennogo seam. Trim allowances layers so that the next on the front of the stock was a little more.

     








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